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10—ACTS 2:22-36

Acts 2:22-36 [v36]; Eph 1:3

LORD [Greek Kurios] the most frequently used title for Jesus in the New Testament.

1. In the Roman court, it showed respect for nobility - particularly for the Caesars.

a. the New Testament does not contain an example of this.
b. it is probable that early Christians were persecuted or even killed because they would not say Caesar is Lord.
2. Christians used the term, Lord, in an absolute sense to refer to God.
3. This came from the Jewish custom of using Lord [Heb Adonai],
to refer to God instead of using the divine [Heb] YAHWEH.
4. Lord was Paul's favorite designation for Jesus.
5. And for Paul, the Rabbi, to refer to Christ as Lord is evidence Paul viewed Jesus as divine.
6. Paul frequently designated himself a slave [Gk] Doulos.
a. since Jesus Christ is Lord, Paul was the servant.
7. The first missionary apostle provided the premier relationship for Jesus and His people – Lord and servants.

1. Lord [Gk] kurios indicated power and authority as master or ruler.
2. Psa 110:1 used Lord both in reference to God and to the king –
The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet.” (NAS)
a. a usage which became understood as referring to Messiah.
3. The NT used the Psalm to show Jesus, the Messiah, was Lord or God and far superior to David –
Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44 (Mat 22:44-45) The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I put thine enemies underneath thy feet? {45} If David then calleth him Lord, how is he his son?
(Heb 1:13 ASV) But of which of the angels hath he said at any time, Sit thou on my right hand, Till I make thine enemies the footstool of thy feet?
4. Lord could be used as a polite form of address – "sir"
(John 4:11 ASV) The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: whence then hast thou that living water? (15) The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come all the way hither to draw.
5. For the NT writers Lord identified Jesus as:
a. the authoritative Master of the church.
b. and ruler of the world.
c. to whom all powers in the universe are subject –
Romans 10:9 That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.
Rom 14:9 For to this end Christ died and lived {again}, that He might be Lord both of the dead and of the living.
Eph 1:20 which He brought about in Christ, when He raised Him from the dead, and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly {places}, [21] far above all rule and authority and power and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in the one to come.
Philippians 2:5-11 Let this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: (6) Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: (7) But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: (8) And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross. (9) Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: (10) That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; (11) And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
d. Christ is the One Lord of all –
1 Corinthians 8:5-6 For though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,) (6) But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we in him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by him.
6. Neither the church nor the world gave Jesus this exalted title.
7. God the Father made Christ Lord.
a. He did this through purposeful preparation.
b. by sending Jesus on a mission to earth.
c. God gave Him the victory through Resurrection.
8. Preparation for Jesus to become Lord is revealed in Scripture –
Psa 16:8 I have set the LORD always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. (9) Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope. (10) For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. (11) Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence is fullness of joy; at thy right hand there are pleasures for evermore.
9. The power of the church on Pentecost came because
a. the ascended Lord received the Holy Spirit –
Mat 3:16 And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:
b. and gave it to the church as He had promised –
John 7:37 In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.
John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;

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