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7b—ACTS 2:1-4


Acts 2:1-4
Acts 2:1-4  And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.  (2)  And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting.  (3)  And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them.  (4)  And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

v1 - PENTECOST was the second great festival of the Jewish year.
1. It was harvest festival when the First-Fruits of the grain harvest were presented to God –

(Lev 23:17 ASV) Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave-loaves of two tenth parts of an ephah: they shall be of fine flour, they shall be baken with leaven, for First-Fruits unto Jehovah.
2. In like manner Pentecost symbolizes, for the church, the beginning of God's harvest for souls in the world.

What is the significance of the filling with the Holy Spirit at Pentecost?
1. It meant the beginning of the fulfillment of God's promise –
(Joel 2:28-29 ASV) And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: {29} and also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my Spirit.
a. to pour out His Spirit upon His people in the end time – Acts 1:4-5, Mt 3:11; John 1:33
(Luke 24:49 ASV) And behold, I send forth the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city, until ye be clothed with power from on high.
2. The last days of this age had begun – Acts 2:17
(Heb 1:2 ASV) hath at the end of these days spoken unto us in his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom also he made the worlds;
(1Pet 1:20 ASV) who was foreknown indeed before the foundation of the world, but was manifested at the end of times for your sake,
a. everyone must now be confronted with the decision to repent and believe in Christ – Acts 3:19
(Mat 3:2 ASV) Repent ye; for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.
(Luke 13:2 ASV) And he answered and said unto them, Think ye that these Galileans were sinners above all the Galileans, because they have suffered these things?
3. The disciples were "endued with power from on high" – Luke 24:49; Acts 1:8.
a. enabling them to witness with power for Christ.
b. through whom the Holy Spirit could bring conviction to the lost in relation to sin, righteousness and the judgment of God –
(John 16:7-9 ASV) Nevertheless I tell you the truth: It is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I go, I will send him unto you. {8} And he, when he is come, will convict the world in respect of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: {9} of sin, because they believe not on me;
c. to turn them from sin to salvation in Christ – 1:8; 4:13,33; John 16:8
(Rom 15:19 ASV) in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Holy Spirit; so that from Jerusalem, and round about even unto Illyricum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ.
4. The Holy Spirit revealed His nature as the Spirit who longs for and strives after the salvation of people of every nation.
a. those who received the Baptism in the Holy Spirit were filled with the same longing
for the salvation of the human race – Acts 2:38-40; 4:12,33;
(Rom 9:1-3 ASV) I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit,{2}that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart. {3} For I could wish that I my-self were anathema from Christ for my brethren's sake, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
(Rom 10:1 ASV) Brethren, my heart's desire and my supplication to God is for them, that they may be saved.
b. thus Pentecost began world missions.
5. The disciples became ministers of the Holy Spirit.
a. they preached Jesus Christ crucified and resurrected.
b. leading others to repentance and faith in Christ.
c. leading converts to receive the GIFT OF THE HOLY GHOST – Acts 2:38-39
(Luke 11:13 ASV) If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?
d. which they themselves had received at Pentecost.
e. leading others into the Baptism in the Holy Spirit is the key to apostolic work in the New Testament
(Acts 8:17 ASV) Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit.
(Acts 9:17-18 ASV) And Ananias departed, and entered into the house; and laying his hands on him said, Brother Saul, the Lord, even Jesus, who appeared unto thee in the way which thou camest, hath sent me, that thou mayest receive thy sight, and be filled with the Holy Spirit. {18} And straightway there fell from his eyes as it were scales, and he received his sight; and he arose and was baptized;
(Acts 10:44-46 ASV) While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Spirit fell on all them that heard the word. {45} And they of the circumcision that believed were amazed, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Spirit. {46} For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God. Then answered Peter,
(Acts 19:6 ASV) And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.
6. Through the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, the followers of Christ became successors to His earthly ministry.
7. They continued to DO and to TEACH -- in the same power of the Holy Spirit,
the miracles which Jesus "began both to do and to teach" – Acts 1:1
(John 14:12 ASV) Verily, verily, I say unto you, he that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto the Father.

1. Luke 24:49 - to be endued with power to live holy –
(Gal 5:16 ASV) But I say, walk by the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh. Galatians 5:25 If we live by the Spirit, we must also follow the Spirit.
2. Acts 1:8 - to receive power to witness to the Gospel of Christ –
(Rom 1:16 ASV) For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
3. Spoke with tongues and magnified God –
(Acts 10:46 ASV) For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God.
a. Apostles and brethren glorified God, because the repentance that leads to life was granted to the Gentiles –
(Acts 11:18 ASV) And when they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying, Then to the Gentiles also hath God granted repentance unto life.
b. Speaking in tongues is talking to God –
(1Cor 14:2 ASV) For he that speaketh in a tongue speaketh not unto men, but unto God; for no man understandeth; but in the spirit he speaketh mysteries.
4. The Spirit makes intercession –
(Rom 8:27 ASV) and he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, because he maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.
5. We are able to pray in the Spirit –
(Eph 6:18 ASV) with all prayer and supplication praying at all seasons in the Spirit, and watching thereunto in all perseverance and supplication for all the saints.
6. Praying in the Holy Ghost is NOT just praying in tongues, but with Spirit anointing –
(Jude 1:20) But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit,

Acts 2:1-4 [filled with the Holy Ghost] They were both filled and baptized with the spirit.

  • They were filled (Ex 28:3; 31:3; 35:31; Deut. 34:9; Micah 3:8)
  • Had the Spirit in them (Gen 41:38; Num 27:18-19; Dan 4:8-9,18; 5:11-14; 6:3);
  • Within them (Psa. 51:10-11; Isa. 63:10-14; Ezk. 11:19);
  • Into them (Ezekiel 2:2; 3:24); and
  • Upon them (Num 11:17-29; Jdgs 3:10; 6:34; 11:29; 14:6,19; 15:14).
  • He moved many (Judges 13:25; Acts 3:21; 2Peter 1:21),
  • Old Testament saints had gifts and fruit of the Spirit (1Kings 3:12; 17:1; Acts 3:21; Hebrews 11; 1:1);
  • Different measures of the Spirit (Num 11:16-25; 2Kings 2:9; Luke 1:17)
But none were baptized in the Spirit.
  • John the Baptist and others were filled with the Spirit, but not baptized (Luke 1:15-17,41,67; 2:25-38).
  • Mary was filled about 35 years before she was baptized with the Spirit at Pentecost (Luke 1:45-56; Acts 1:13-15; 2:1-4).
  • The disciples were filled and had the Spirit in them.
  • The disciples had gifts and great power 3 years before they were baptized with the Spirit (Mat. 10:1,5-8,16-20; Mark 6:7-13; Luke 10; cp. with Acts 1:4-8; 2:1-4,33).
  • But not the Spirit Baptism or the Spirit "without measure" (John 3:34; 7:37-39).
  • But were told to receive the Spirit baptism before beginning their ministry (Luke 24:49; Acts 1:4-8).
Old Testament saints and the 12 disciples had salvation (Psa 51:12);
  • Redemption (Psalm 31:5);
  • Grace (Psalm 84:11);
  • Physical healing (Exodus 15:26);
  • The gospel (Gal. 3:6-14; Heb. 4:2);
  • Names written in heaven (Exodus 32:32-33; Luke 10:20);
  • The new birth (Galatians 4:28-30);
  • Conversion (Psalm 19:7);
  • Righteousness (Romans 4);
  • Justification (Romans 4);
  • Holiness; (Acts 3:21; 2Peter 1:21);
  • Pure hearts (Psalm 24:4);
  • Sanctification (Ex. 29:42-44; 31:13; Ezekiel 20:2; John 15:3);
Therefore, one should not take any of these manifestations as the evidence of the Spirit Baptism.
  • From all this we gather that the Spirit Baptism is the fullness of God in the lives of believers, not the Spirit by measure as in Old Testament times (John 3:34; 7:37-39; 24:49; Acts 10:38; Isaiah 61:1; Romans 15:29; Eph. 3:19).
  • The difference between being filled and Holy Spirit Baptism;
  • Or the Spirit by measure and without measure may be illustrated by a glass and a pitcher of water.
  • To the extent the water is poured into the glass it is filled, but not baptized.
  • By burying the glass in the fullness of the pitcher of water it is both filled and baptized.
  • Taking the glass out of the pitcher of water, does not take away the baptism, for it has already been baptized, but needs continually to be filled (Eph. 5:18).
  • Baptized once – filled often, many times, even continually!
  • So it is with believers. To the extent one is filled with the Spirit one has that measure of power and can do things according to the degree of anointing one has.
  • If one is only filled and has the Spirit by measure one is limited in spiritual power and authority.
  • If a person has the Spirit in all fullness (Baptism) there is no limitation.
  • That person can do the works of Christ and the apostles (Mat. 17:20; 21:22; Mark 9:23; 11:22-24; 16:17-18; Luke 10:19; John 14:12; Acts 2:43; 3:6; 5:16; Romans 15:18-19,29).
  • A filling always comes with a baptism, but a baptism does not always come with a filling.
  • At Pentecost they were both filled and baptized (Acts 1:4-8; 2:4), and
  • Many fillings kept coming to them to reFRESH the Spirit and power they had received (Acts 3:19; 4:8,31; 13:52).
  • One must continue to live and walk in the Spirit and be filled with all the fullness of God in order to maintain that baptismal fullness (Eph. 3:16-20; 5:18; Gal. 5:16-26).
Acts 2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.
[Speak with other tongues]
  • Many interpret Isaiah as a prophetic utterance concerning the Baptism evidence (Isaiah 28:9-12); ––
  • Actually this was a prophetic utterance about the impending invasion of the Assyrian Army (Isaiah 33:19; 1Cor. 14:21).
  • This phenomenon of the Baptism in the Holy Spirit was prophesied by Christ (Mark 16:17; John 15:26; John 16:13) and
  • Was fulfilled in Acts 2:4-13; 10:44-48; 19:1-7; 1Cor. 12-14.
[As the Spirit gave them utterance]
  • This was similar to the Spirit speaking through the prophets in their own language (Acts 3:21; Hebrews 1:1-2), only here it was with different languages (Acts 2:4,6,11), but the tongues were interpreted.
  • Speaking in tongues is done through the immediate inspiration by new recipients.
  • When one has thus received the gift, it then ([the words spoken]), becomes a part of their mental makeup so that they can, if one desires to do so, exercise it without direct inspiration, even in a backslidden condition (1Cor. 13:1-3).
  • This is why the exercise of vocal gifts, ([yet none of the other gifts]), of prophecy, tongues, and interpretation of tongues is commanded to be regulated and even judged as to whether it be under direct inspiration or whether the person is exercising a gift of himself (1Cor. 14:29-33).
  • “Ye shall receive power after that the Holy Ghost has come upon you …” (Acts 1:8).

  1. Performing miracles, witnessing to the transforming power of the Gospel is the Power of Pentecost. (before Pentecost: Mat. 10:1,8; 17:14-21; compare after Pentecostal Baptism: Acts 3:1-10; 16:16-18)
  2. Modern denominational churches teach salvation, and may get many saved, but they never teach the people to receive the power to overcome and are taught you can’t keep from sinning a little every day (2Tim. 3:5).
  3. Many have been Baptized and never exercise the power that comes with the Baptism.
  4. The anointing of the Spirit Baptism does not leave but is constantly present.
  5. 1John 2:27 But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.––
    1John 2:27 AMP But as for you, the anointing (the sacred appointment, the unction) which you received from Him abides [permanently] in you; [so] then you have no need that anyone should instruct you. But just as His anointing teaches you concerning everything and is true and is no falsehood, so you must abide in (live in, never depart from) Him [being rooted in Him, knit to Him], just as [His anointing] has taught you [to do].

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Mail: Pastor Ira L. Hargis
9238 Columbia St.
Sapulpa, Oklahoma USA 74066

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