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Exodus 30:22-33; 1John 2:20

  • 1John 2:20  But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.
  • Exodus 30:22-33  Moreover the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,  (23)  Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,  (24)  And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin:  (25)  And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.  (26)  And thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony,  (27)  And the table and all his vessels, and the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar of incense,  (28)  And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver and his foot.  (29)  And thou shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy.  (30)  And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.  (31)  And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.  (32)  Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you.  (33)  Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.

INTRODUCTION: The term anointing has become popularized in our time with the emergence and growth of Pentecostal and Charismatic movements. But, we may be swinging from one extreme to the other because what was once considered to be the privilege of the ecclesiastical hierarchy now appears to be a commercialized product. If the anointing could be bottled and sold on store shelves it would be peddled and sold with little regard to the spiritual state of the man or woman seeking the anointing.

  • The Bible, however, makes it clear that the anointing is not for sale or merchandising.
  • There is an anointing and the anointing is available for every Christian who maintains their life as a vessel unto honor.
  • The Old Testament type, or symbol, of the anointing was seen in the act of pouring oil over the head of the individual whom God had chosen for a specific office.
  • The first place we see someone anointed is in Leviticus 8:10 where Moses fulfills the command of the Lord and anoints Aaron.
  • Lev. 8:10 And Moses took the anointing oil and anointed the tabernacle and all that was in it, and consecrated them.
  • The Psalmist referred to this very anointing in Psalm 133:2 when he wrote, "It is like the precious ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garments."
  • In other places we read of prophets, priests and kings being anointed.
  • That this anointing is a type of the anointing of the Holy Spirit is most clearly seen in Christ.
  • In fact, the word "Christ" is really a title, corresponding to the Hebrew word "Messiah" which literally means, "the Anointed One."
  • The first time we read of Christ referring to Himself as anointed is in Luke 4:18. After His temptation in the wilderness He came back into Galilee and entered the synagogue. He opened up the book of Isaiah and read, "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me because He hath anointing me. . ."
  • It is interesting that prophet, priest and king are anointed in the OT, and in the NT Christ, the Anointed One, fulfills these very offices.
  • In our text we read of the manufacture and use of the anointing oil.
  • The word used for anointing in v25 is translated in the Greek version of the OT as [charistarion], from the same root word for charisma.
  • In1Jn 2:20, John says Christians have received "an unction (or charisma) from the Holy One."
  • Let's look at the anointing oil and see if we can glean from our text a richer understanding of the anointing in the church.


A. It began with a "hin", or about four quarts, of olive oil.

  • To produce olive oil the olive had to be crushed.
  • The crushed olive is a type of Christ. "He was bruised for our iniquities."
  • He experienced the crushing weight of our sins at Gethsemane.
  • Gethsemane was the place where olives were brought to be crushed for the production of oil.
  • Notice that four quarts of oil were used. When they anointed someone the entire horn of oil was poured out upon the head.
  • I believe that is how God wants to anoint His Church in our day.
  • Peter refers to the prophet Joel when he explains the move of the Spirit on the Day of Pentecost. He said, "This is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and daughters shall prophesy."
  • God said He would "pour out of His Spirit." That's His desire for the Church in these last days. Not just a mist of it, not just a dew drop, not just a goose bump or a tickle of spiritual electricity. He said He would pour it out!
  • He wants a church which can testify, "thou anointest my head with oil, my cup runneth over."
  • He wants to anoint you and fill you with His presence and His power.

B. Following the oil is mention of the spices.

  • They are called principal or choice spices. Some of them, especially cinnamon, was hard to come by.
    It had to be imported from India. God wants our best because He gave us His best.
  • Exact measurements were given according to the standard weights and balances of the sanctuary.
  • Five hundred shekels of myrrh, two hundred fifty each of cinnamon and sweet cane, and five hundred more cassia.
  • These were to be precise according to the balances of the tabernacle weights.
  • God still wants the Church to live in the balance of his standards and He does still have standards.
  • Holiness has not been removed from the Church of the living God. Love is still the standard.
  • Together they provide a balanced message from the Church to the world.
  • I don't want to go into a lot of detail on each of these, but I do want to notice that the myrrh was to be pure myrrh, or literally, "free" myrrh. There were two ways to gather myrrh from the plant, one was to make a cut into the bark and allow the sap to ooze out.
  • The other was to gather the liquid myrrh from natural ruptures in the plant's bark.
  • The second type was known as free myrrh, myrrh which flowed freely from the plant without human intervention.
  • With regard to the Holy Spirit we are seeing men and women, who think that they can manipulate the Holy Spirit, or induce or conjure up the Spirit.
  • But the Spirit of God is like the wind, it cannot be man controlled, it bloweth where it listeth, and the Spirit of God cannot be forced--only welcomed.
  • The Spirit of God cannot be programmed, He can only be honored and allowed to move and breathe and blow as He desires.
  • He "distributes spiritual gifts severally to every man as He wills."
  • What we need is a free flow of the Spirit, a fresh anointing that comes by a move of God on a church that can yield itself to the will and work of God in our midst.
  • Our problem is that we are afraid to let God have total control of our talents, our treasures and our tongues.
  • We are a control driven society.
  • We feel the need to control others and to be in control of our own lives. If we could simply release the reins and say — "Here I am Lord, take me and make me to be the man or woman you want me to be!"
  • Then we would see God's strength perfected in our weakness.
  • Don't quench or resist the soul stirring touch of God. Release yourself in praise.
  • Release yourself in worship and adoration.
  • Release your faith to God and let Him move like a mighty rushing wind in this place.

C. When the spices were combined with the oil they produced a very fragrant mixture.

  • This wasn't a magic potion. This mixture didn't produce any mysterious effects by itself, but this was the oil God had designed for a sacred purpose.
  • When a man was anointed with this oil he was covered with the sweet aroma of charisma.
  • After being anointed with this oil Aaron, a slave out of Egypt, smelled like a high priest.
  • Elisha, an apprentice of Elijah, smelled like a prophet.
  • David, a shepherd from his father's flocks, smelled like a king.
  • I believe that when the Holy Spirit is moving through a church and anointing a congregation, the sweet aroma of love, the scent of the fruit of the Spirit and the fragrance of worship will pervade the sanctuary. I believe that when the Holy Spirit comes He brings with Him the unction, the aroma, of the Rose of Sharon and the Lily of the Valley.
  • Jesus said, "When the Spirit of Truth is come He will testify of Me."
  • The sweet fragrance of the anointing on the life of the believer is the evidence of a life saved by grace and filled with God's love.


A. The tabernacle of the congregation and the ark of testimony were to be anointed.

  • These symbolize the Church, or the congregation of the Lord.
  • Collectively, God wants to anoint this church so that every time you come together in worship and praise, His presence is here to perform His perfect will in you.
  • I've anointed pews, altars, pulpits and the like with oil and prayed over them; and I believe in this dispensation God wants to anoint everything we touch. He anoints people.
  • And an anointed people touch the world with His power and His presence.

B. Second, all the various instruments and articles used in the tabernacle were anointed.

  • These symbolize the functions of the Church.
  • From piano playing to nursery work; from cleaning the sanctuary to singing specials; all of our works as the Church should be anointed with the oil of gladness and the Spirit of joy.

C. Finally, the priesthood was anointed.

  • Peter tells us that every born again believer is considered "royal priesthood."
  • As such, we all have ministry responsibilities and God said He wants ministry anointed and consecrated unto Him.
  • Every teacher, every preacher, every evangelist, everyone who is a disciple of Christ needs to be touched with the charisma of God until we can honestly declare, "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me because He hath anointed me!"

A. God stipulates that His anointing is a "holy anointing."

  • It was not common anointing oil to be used at the whim of man. It was to be used according to the will of God.
  • An example of this fact is seen in Samuel's anointing of David. As he went to anoint a king from among the sons of Jesse, the oldest son was brought up first and Samuel said to himself, "Surely the Lord's anointed is before Him."
  • And Samuel, based on his own assessment, was about to anoint Eliab until the Spirit checked Samuel and said, "The Lord hath not chosen this."
  • Then six more of Jesse's sons passed by and each time Samuel thought, "This is the one." But God stopped him saying, "The Lord hath not chosen this."
  • Finally, Samuel turned to Jesse and said, "Do you have any more sons?" Jesse said, "There is yet the youngest who is watching the flock."
  • And when David came before Samuel the Lord said, "Arise anoint him: for this is he."
  • I believe God was saying, “I can use a shepherd!”

B. This anointing oil was not to be imitated and they were never to accept a substitute for the real thing.

  • We live in a time when men and women want anointing without holiness, they want power without righteousness, they want charismata, (or gifts) from God, without sacrifice to God.
  • And when man cannot command God they attempt to imitate the real with the artificial.
  • But we must never confuse real anointing with empty substitutes.
  • Anointing is not determined by the sweat or the spit of the preacher.
  • Anointing is not determined by the volume of the sound system.
  • Anointing is not determined by emotionalism, ritualism, denominationalism, or legalism.
  • Anointing is God's hand moving on us and in us.

C. Finally, they were instructed that this anointing oil was not to be placed on just anybody.

  • This anointing was reserved for use on the person whom God had chosen.
  • In the NT Paul told Timothy, "Lay hands on no man suddenly."
  • The leaders of the church were to be men of sterling character.
  • The anointing is not haphazardly doled out to anyone who has a passing fascination for God.
  • The anointing is for men and women of commitment and faithfulness to Christ and His Church.
  • The anointing is not primarily for personal blessing, but for kingdom service.



  • The Scripture concludes with the repetition of the warning that anyone who imitates this anointing, or places it upon an individual outside of those whom God has chosen would be cut off from His people. In the New Testament candidates for anointing are the disciples of Christ.
  • There is no substitute for real anointing.
  • You may be the most educated person in the church, and education is fine in its place, but it is no substitute for anointing.
  • Smith Wigglesworth totally destroyed the English language, but when he spoke to demons, sickness, disease, infirmity, the demons of sickness, disease and infirmity didn't say you have to have better diction for me to obey you. The demons obeyed because of the authority in the Name of Jesus Christ the Risen Lord and the Anointing of the Holy Spirit on him. Sickness disease, infirmity and demons departed.
  • The anointing is real and the anointing is powerful, but the anointing is not to make you rich, to give you a magnetic personality, or to elevate you above your fellows. The anointing is a divine impartation of power for service unto God.
  • The anointing is available to everyone who will make himself, or herself, available for kingdom service. When you are ready to serve, God is ready to anoint.


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