9-SALVATION—THE VIRGIN BIRTH
THE VIRGIN BIRTH OF JESUS CHRIST
Matthew 1:16-25 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. (17) So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations. (18) Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. (19) Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily. (20) But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. (21) And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. (22) Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, (23) Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. (24) Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: (25) And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.
1:16 MARY... JESUS. The virgin birth of Jesus is safeguarded in the genealogy. Notice the word “begat” is used of all the names down to Joseph, but then the statement is altered. It is not said that Joseph begat Jesus, but rather Joseph is the husband of Mary, "of whom was born Jesus" (v.23).
1:21 JESUS. Jesus is the Greek form of the Hebrew word yeshua (Joshua), meaning "The Lord is salvation." This describes the future task of Mary's son and is the initial promise of the gospel Jesus as Savior “shall save his people from their sins." Sin is the greatest enemy of the human race, destroying one's soul and life. Through the atoning death of Jesus and the sanctifying power of the Holy Spirit, those who turn to Jesus will be set free from the guilt and slavery of sin (see John 8:31-36; Acts 26:18; Rom. 6; 8:1-16).
John 8:31-36 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; (32) And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free. (33) They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free? (34) Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin. (35) And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever. (36) If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed.
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
1:23 VIRGIN... BRING FORTH A SON. Both Matthew and Luke agree unequivocally that Jesus Christ was conceived by the Holy Spirit — (v.18; Luke 1:34-35) — Luke 1:34-35 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? (35) And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
and born of a virgin mother without the intervention of a human father. Liberal theologians have opposed the doctrine of Jesus’ virgin birth for years. However, it is undeniable that the prophet Isaiah promised a virgin-born child who would be called "Immanuel,” a Hebrew term meaning "God with us" (Is. 7:14). This prediction was made 700 years before the birth of Christ. — Isaiah 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
(1) The word “virgin" in Mat. 1:23 is the correct translation of the Greek parthenos found in the Septuagint in Is. 7:14. The Hebrew word for virgin (almah) used by Isaiah means a virgin of marriageable age and is never used in the 0.T. for any state other than virginity (cp. Gen. 24:43; Sol. 1:3; 6:8; Is. 7:14). Hence, Isaiah in the 0.T. and both Matthew and Luke in the N.T. ascribed virginity to the mother of Jesus.
(2) The importance of the virgin birth cannot be overemphasized. In order for our Redeemer to qualify to pay for our sins and bring salvation, He must be, in one person, fully human, sinless, and fully divine (Heb. 7:25-26). The virgin birth satisfies all three of these requirements. — Hebrews 7:25-26 Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them. (26) For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;
(a) The only way He could be born a human being was to be born of a woman.
(b) The only way He could be sinless man was to be conceived by the Holy Spirit (1:20; cp. Heb. 4:15). Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
(c) The only way He could have been deity was to have God as His Father. As a result, His conception was not by natural but by supernatural means: "the holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God" (Luke 1:35). Jesus Christ is therefore revealed to us as one divine person with two natures--divine and sinless human.
(3) In living and suffering as a human being, Jesus sympathizes with our weaknesses (Heb. 4:15-16). As the divine Son of God He has the power to deliver us from the bondage of sin and the power of Satan (Acts 26:18; Col. 2:15; Heb. 2:14; 5:14-16; 7:25). As both divine and sinless man, He qualifies to serve as a sacrifice for the sins of every person and as a high priest to intercede for all who come to God (Heb. 1:9-18; 5:1-9; 7:24-28; 10:4-12).
1:25 KNEW HER NOT TILL. The word “till” draws attention to the fact that after Christ's birth, Joseph and Mary entered into the full physical union commonly associated with marriage. We are told that Jesus had brothers and sisters (Mat. 12:46-47; Mark 3:31-32; 6:3; Luke 8:19-20).
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