7—Day of the Lord-Part 3c
THE DAY OF THE Lord (Yahweh) Part 3c
Joel 1:15‑20; 2Sam. 22:7‑16; Isa. 2:10‑21; Jer. 25:29‑33; Mat. 24 & 25
- Mat 24:3, with Luke 21:20‑24, answers a threefold question…
- Mat 24:3 And as he sat upon the Mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?
- Three questions were raised by the disciples:
- When is the destruction of Jerusalem prophesied by Jesus to take place?
- What will be the sign of Christ's coming?
- What signs will foreshadow the "end of the age"?
- The first question is given less attention than the last two.
- The coming destruction of Jerusalem, which was accomplished by the Roman general Titus in A.D. 70, is pictured along with the course of the entire age in 24:5‑28.
- However, even this is clearly viewed by Jesus as a foreshadowing of the fateful days of the Great Tribulation period. The greater portion of the material relates to the awesome events of those days.
- Mat 24:4‑14 has a dual interpretation–this shows the character of this age–international unrest, wars, famines, pestilence, persecutions and false Christ's —
- Dan 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
- Dan 9:26: The interval before the seventieth week is the subject of discussion here (vv26-27). V26 describes what happens after the sixty‑ninth week and before the seventieth week, implying a chronological gap between the sixty‑ninth and seventieth weeks. The "prince who is to come" is the beast from the sea (Dan 8:23‑27), and the "little horn" of Dan 7:8 is the Antichrist. The people of the prince that shall come (the Romans), caused sacrifice to cease, and destroyed the city of Jerusalem and the temple between the sixty‑ninth and the seventieth weeks. The length of time is not revealed to Daniel or to any other of the O.T. prophets. This intervening time span incorporates the age of the church, in which we now live and work. The events of 69 weeks, including the cutting off of Messiah, have passed.
- The events of the seventieth week remain for the future, and will be realized during the age of the Tribulation, and Great Tribulation of seven years just prior to the bringing in of "everlasting righteousness" (v24). This is not the description of a converted world.
- The same answer applies in a specific way to the end of the age, i.e., Daniel's Seventieth Week…(Dan 9:24) Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
- Dan 9:24: The Prophecy of Seventy Weeks (490 Years). Gabriel was again sent as a heavenly messenger to answer Daniel's concerned intercession for the return of the people. Furthermore, an outline is provided of God's purpose for Israel until the kingdom is established. Daniel was informed that God has appointed 70 weeks upon the Jewish people to finish all transgressions. After this, everlasting righteousness will follow.
- These "weeks," however, are not seven‑day weeks, but each "week" represents seven years. Thus, 70 weeks of years equals 490 years.
- all that has characterized the age gathers to an awful intensity in the end
- antichrist makes a seven year pact with Israel
- Dan 9:24: Daniel's prophecy of the seventy 'sevens' (weeks) (vv24 -27) provides the chronological frame for Messianic prediction from Daniel to the establishment of the kingdom on earth and also a key to its interpretation. Its main features are as follows:
- The entire prophecy is concerned primarily with Daniel's "people" and their "holy city" - i.e. Israel and Jerusalem.
- Two princes are mentioned; the first is named "the Anointed One, the ruler" (i.e. Messiah, the Prince) (v.25); the second is described as "the ruler who will come" (v.26), a reference to the little horn of Dan 7:8, whose "people" (the Romans), would destroy the rebuilt Jerusalem after the cutting off of the Messianic Prince (v26). This happened in 70A.D.
- The "seventy 'sevens'" of the prophecy are weeks of years, an important sabbatical time-measure in the Jewish calendar. Violation of the command to observe the sabbatical year brought the judgment of the Babylonian captivity and determined its length of seventy years. Cp. Lev 25:1-22; 26:33-35; 2Chr 36:19-21; Dan 9:2. Compare also Gen 29:26-28 for use of "week" to indicate seven years.
- These 490 prophetic years are each 360 days long. This is proved by the Biblical references to the seventieth week of seven years, which is divided into two halves (v.27), the latter half being variously designated as "a time, times, and half a time" (Dan 7:25; cp. Rev 12:14); forty-two months (Rev 11:2; 13:5); or 1260 days (Rev 11:3; 12:6). In this connection it should be remembered that, in the grand sweep of prophecy, prophetic time is invariably so near as to give full warning, so indeterminate as to give no satisfaction to mere curiosity (cp. Mat 24:36; Acts 1:7).
- The beginning of the seventy weeks is fixed as "the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem" and its wall (Dan 9:25). The only decree in Scripture authorizing the rebuilding of the city and its wall is recorded in Neh 2; dated in "the month of Nisan in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes" (i.e. 445 B.C.), which is well attested in ancient history. From this date as a beginning, the first sixty-nine weeks reach to "the Anointed One, the ruler."
- At a later time, after the "sixty-two 'sevens'" which follow the first "seven weeks" (i.e. after sixty-nine weeks), two important events will take place:
- Messiah will be "cut off" and will have none of His regal rights ("will have nothing").
- the rebuilt city and sanctuary will again be destroyed, this time by "the people" of another "ruler" who is yet to come. It is generally agreed that these two events were fulfilled in the death of Christ (A.D. 29) and the destruction of Jerusalem by Rome in A.D. 70. Both events are placed before the seventieth week of v.27.
- Therefore a period of at least forty-one years between the death of Christ and the destruction of Jerusalem must intervene between the sixty-ninth and seventieth weeks.
- This is ALL that HAD to happen before the Rapture of All the Saints.
- The main events of the final "one 'seven'" (v.27) are as follows:
- There is a seven-year "covenant" made by the future prince (the "little horn" of Dan. 7:8) with the Jews.
- In the middle of the week there is a forcible interruption of the Jewish ritual of worship by the prince who introduces "abomination" that renders the sanctuary desolate. [the future prince is the antichrist].
- At the same time he launches persecution against the Jews.
- The end of the seventieth week brings judgment upon the desolator and also brings "everlasting righteousness" (v.24 - i.e. the blessings of the Messianic kingdom). That this final week has not yet been fulfilled is seen in the fact that Christ definitely relates its main events to His Second Coming (Mat 24:6,15).
- Hence, during the interim between the sixty-ninth and seventieth weeks there must lie the whole period of the Church set forth in the N.T. but not revealed in the O.T.
- The interpretation which assigns the last of the seventy weeks to the end of the age is found in the Church Fathers. When this seventieth week was referred to during the first two and one-half centuries of the Christian Church, it was almost always assigned to the end of the age.
- Irenaeus places the appearance of Antichrist at the end of the age in the last week; in fact, he asserts that the time of Antichrist's tyranny will last just one-half of the week, three years and six months. So likewise Hippolytus states that Daniel "indicates the showing forth of the seven years which shall be in the last times."
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