REDEMPTION — The root meaning of “redemption” (Gk. apolutrosis) is to ransom by the payment of a price. The expression denotes the means by which salvation is procured, namely by the payment of a ransom. The doctrine of redemption can be summarized as follows:
(1) The state of sin out of which we must be redeemed: The New Testament represents humans as alienated from God (Rom. 3:10-18), under the dominion of satanic powers (Acts 10:38; 26:18), slaves to sin (Rom. 6:6; 7:14), and in need of deliverance from its guilt, punishment, and power (Acts 26:18; Rom. 1:18; 6:1-18,23; Eph. 5:8; Col. 1:13; 1Pet. 2:9).
(2) The price paid to free us from this bondage: Christ secured the ransom by shedding His blood and giving His life (Mat. 20:28; Mark 10:45; 1Cor. 6:20; Eph. 1:7; Titus 2:14; Heb. 9:12; 1Pet. 1:18-19).
(3) The resultant state of the redeemed: Believers redeemed by Christ are now free from Satan's dominion and from the guilt and power of sin (Acts 26:18; Rom. 6:7,12,14,18; Col. 1:13). This freedom from sin, however, does not leave us free to do as we wish, for we become the property of God. Freedom from sin makes us willing slaves of God (Acts 26:18; Rom. 6:18,22; 1Cor. 6:19-20; 7:22-23).
JUSTIFICATION — The word “justify” (Gk. dikaioo) means “to be just (or righteous) before God” (Rom. 2:13), “to be made righteous” (Rom. 5:18-19), “to establish as right,” or “to set or put right.” It denotes being in a right relationship with God rather than receiving a mere legal, judicial declaration. God forgives the repentant sinner, whom He had pronounced guilty through the law and condemned to eternal death, restores him to divine favor, and sets him in a right relationship (fellowship) with Himself and His will The apostle Paul reveals several truths about justification and how it is accomplished:
(1) Being put right with God is a gift (Rom. 3:24; Eph. 2:8). No one can put himself right with God by keeping the law perfectly or by performing good works (Rom. 4:2-6; Eph. 2:8-9), “for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God” (Rom. 3:23).
(2) Being put right with God happens “through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus” (Rom. 3:24). Christ justifies no one who has not been redeemed from sin and its power.
(3) Being right with God comes “by his grace” and is appropriated "through faith" in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior (Rom. 3:22-24; cp. 4:3-5; see Rom. 5:21).
(4) Being right with God is related to the forgiveness of our sins (Rom. 4:7). Sinners are declared guilty (Rom. 3:9-18,23), but are forgiven because of Christ's atoning death and resurrection (see Rom. 3:25; 4:5; 4:25; 5:6-9).
(5) When we are put right with God by faith in Christ, we are crucified with Christ and Christ comes to live in us (Gal. 2:16-21). Through this experience, we actually become righteous and begin living unto God (2:19-21). This transforming work of Christ in us through the Spirit (cp. 2Thes. 2:13; 1Pet. 1:2) cannot be separated from the redemptive work of Christ for us. The work of Christ and the Spirit are interdependent.
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Mail: Pastor Ira L. Hargis
9238 Columbia St.
Sapulpa, Oklahoma USA 74066
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